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Audio Engineering Society
Convention Paper

Spatial Definition and the PanAmbiophone microphone array
for 2D surround & 3D fully periphonic recording

Robert E. (Robin) Miller III ©2004
FilmakerStudios, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18018, USA

Presented at the 117th Convention
2004 October 28-31 San Francisco, CA

This convention paper has been reproduced from the author's advance manuscript, without editing, corrections, or consideration by the Review Board. The AES takes no responsibility for the contents. Additional papers may be obtained by sending request and remittance to Audio Engineering Society, 60 East 42nd Street, New York, New York 10165-2520, USA; also see www.aes.org. All rights reserved. Reproduction of this paper, or any portion thereof, is not permitted without direct permission from the Journal of the Audio Engineering Society.  For a PDF version of this paper (0.5 MG), click here.

 

References

  1. R. Glasgal, “Ambiophonics: Achieving Physiological Realism in Music Recording and Reproduction,” Proceedings of AES 111th Convention, preprint 5426.
  2. A Farina, R Glasgal, E Armelloni, A Torger, “Ambiophonic Principles for the Recording and Reproduction of Surround Sound for Music,” Proceedings of AES 19th Int’l Conf., Schloss Elmau, Germany, 2001.
  3. R. Miller, “Ambiophonic Demonstration: AES Bavaria 2001” 2-chan. CD with print insert, and streaming Ambio demonstration, “Surround” pages, www.filmaker.com. 4. R Glasgal, “Surround Ambiophonics Recording and Reproduction,” Proceedings of AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff, Alberta, Canada 2003
  4. ITU-R BS.775.1: “Multichannel Stereophonic Sound System With and Without Accompanying Picture” (Geneva, 1992-4).
  5. T. Holman, “5.1 Up and Running,” Focal Press, ISBN 0-240-80383-3.
  6. F. Rumsey, T McCormick, “Sound and Recording,” Focal Press, ISBN 0-240-51680-X, pp 382-388
  7. D. Griesinger, “The Psychoacoustics of Listening Area, Depth, and Envelopment in Surround Recordings and Their Relationship to Microphone Techniques,” Proceedings of AES 19th Int’l Conf., Schloss Elmau
  8. Blauert, Jens, “Spatial Hearing: Psychophysics of Human Sound Localization,” ISBN 0-262-02413-6, MIT Press
  9. J Barbour, “Elevation Perception: Phantom Images in the Vertical Hemisphere,” Proceedings of AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff Canada 2003
  10. M. Gerzon, “Ambisonics in Multichannel Broadcasting and Video,” JAES Vol. 33 No.11, 1985, pp 859 – 871T.
  11. J Daniel, R Nicol, S Moreau “Further Investigations of High Order Ambisonics and Wavefield Synthesis for Holophonic Sound Imaging,” AES 114th Int’lConvention, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2003, preprint #5788.
  12. J Daniel, S Moreau, “Further Study of Sound Field Coding with Higher Order Ambisonics,” AES 116th Int’l Conv, Berlin, May 2004, preprint #6017
  13. Malham, D.,http://www.ambisonic.net
  14. D de Vries, “Experience with a Wavefield Synthesis System Based on Multi-actuator Panel Loudspeakers,” as presented at AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff, Canada 2003
  15. G Theile, H Wittek et al, “Potential Wavefield Synthesis Applications in the Multichannel Stereophonic World,” Proceedings of AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff, Canada 2003
  16. P Craven, R Stuart, R Wilson et al, “Hierarchical Lossless Transmission of Surround Sound Using MLP,” Proceedings of AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff, Canada 2003.
  17. ATSC Document A/52A “ATSC standard: Digital Audio Compression (AC-3), Rev. A” 8/21/2001, www.atsc.org
  18. R Miller, “Compatible PanAmbiophonic 4.1 and PerAmbiophonic 6.1 Surround Sound for Advanced Television – Beyond ITU 5.1,” SMPTE 144th Technical Conf. & Exhibition, Pasadena CA USA, October 2002
  19. R Miller, “Transforming Ambiophonic + Ambisonic 3D Surround Sound to & from ITU 5.1/6.1,” Proceedings of AES 114th International Convention, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, March 2003, preprint #5799.
  20. Robert E. (Robin) Miller III, “Scalable Tri-play Recording for Stereo, ITU 5.1/6.1 2D, and Periphonic 3D (with Height) Compatible Surround Sound Reproduction,” AES 115th Int’l Conv., New York City, USA, October 2003 – preprint #5934.
  21. G. Theile, “Natural 5.1 Music Recording Based on Psychoacoustic Principles,” Proceedings of the AES 19th Int’l Conf., Schloss Elmau, Germany, 6/2001, rev. 10/2001.
  22. www.ambiophonics.org, “AmbioFiles” pages with PanAmbio DSP code, “Quick Reference,” & “User Guide”
  23. R Miller, “Contrasting ITU 5.1 and Panor-ambiophonic 4.1 Surround Sound Recording Using OCT and Sphere Microphones,” Proceedings of AES 112th International Convention, Munich, Germany 2002, preprint #5577.
  24. A Farina et al, “Recording Concert Hall Acoustics for Posterity,” Proceedings of AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff 2003
  25. Farina, A., “Collecting Concert Hall Impulse Responses“,Workshop presentation, AES 116th Int’l Conv, Berlin, May 2004
  26. H. Wittek, O. Neumann and M. Schäffler, C. Millet, “Studies on Main and Room Microphone Optimization,” Proceedings of AES 19th International Conf., Schloss Elmau, Germany, 2001.
  27. J. Wuttke, “General Considerations on Audio Multichannel Recording,” Proceedings of AES 19thInternational Conf., Schloss Elmau, Germany, 2001.
  28. M Williams, “Multichannel Sound Recording Practice Using Microphone Arrays,” Proceedings of AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff Canada 2003
  29. R. Miller, R Glasgal, A Farina, A Torger, E Armelloni, “Multi-format Comparison Demonstration” (simultaneous recordings in ITU 5.1, Stereo, Ambio 2.0, PanAmbio 4.0, PerAmbio 3D), AES 24th Int’l Conf, Banff, Canada 2003.
  30. G. Theile, “On the Naturalness of Two-Channel Stereo Sound.” J. Audio Eng. Society, Oct. 1991.
  31. Y Tao, A Tew, S Porter, “Study on Head Shape Simplification Using Spherical Harmonics for HRTF Computation at Low Frequencies,” AES 114th Int’l Conv., Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2003, preprint #5787.
  32. T Lee, D Jang, K Kang, J Kim, D Jeong, H Hamada, “3D Audio Acquisition and Reproduction System using Multiple Microphones on a Rigid Sphere,” AES 116th Int’l Conv, Berlin, May 2004, preprint #6135.
  33. “Multichannel surround sound systems and operations” – AES Technical Document ESTD1001.0.01-05
  34. Miller, R., “Two VLF [SW & Bass Management] Channels?”, Workshop presentation, AES 116th Int’l Conv, Berlin, May 200

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